Carbon dioxide emissions

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The below charts provide data for global carbon dioxide emissions per year and region during the period 1996 to 2015.

Charts on this page:

Carbon dioxide emissions per year
Annual global energy consumption and annual carbon dioxide emissions
Carbon dioxide emissions 2015
Energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions 2015
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita 2015

Carbon dioxide emissions per year

Chart displaying global carbon dioxide emissions by year iduring the period 1996 to 2015
 

Annual global energy consumption and annual carbon dioxide emissions

Chart comparing data for annual global primary energy consumption and annual global carbon dioxide emissions
 

Carbon dioxide emissions 2015

Chart displaying global carbon dioxide emissions by region in 2015
 

Energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions 2015

Chart displaying primary energy consumption by type and carbon dioxide emissions per capita and by region in 2015
 

Carbon dioxide emissions per capita 2015

Chart displaying carbon dioxide emissions per capita and by region in 2015

Data sources:
BP Statistical Review of World Energy (www.bp.com)
United nations/Wikipedia
 
Notes:
T – Tonnes
MT – Million tonnes
MTOE – Million tonnes oil equivalent

The numbers presented for carbon dioxide emissions only reflects emissions through consumption of oil, gas and coal for combustion related activities, and are based on the ”Default CO2 Emissions Factors for Combustion” given by the IPCC in its ”Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories” (2006).

The numbers do not allow for any carbon that is sequestered, for other sources of carbon dioxide emissions, or for emissions of other greenhouse gases.

Conversion:

The primary energy values (MTOE) used for nuclear electricity generation, hydroelectric generation and electricity from renewable sources, takes into account the efficiency of converting fossil fuels (Oil) into electricity.

The primary energy values (MTOE) have been derived by calculating the equivalent amount of fossil fuel required to generate the same volume of electricity in a thermal power station, assuming an average conversion efficiency of 38%.

This means that the electrical energy actually generated from nuclear, hydroelectric and renewable sources is only 38% of the chemical energy content of the corresponding oil equivalents (The actual energy content of 1 TOE is around 11,7 megawatt-hours)

One million tonnes of oil or oil equivalent produces about 4400 gigawatt-hours (=4.4 terawatt hours) of electricity in a modern power station.

Fuels used as inputs for conversion technologies (gas-to-liquids, coal-to-liquids, and coal to gas) are counted as production for the source fuel and the outputs are counted as consumption for the converted fuel.
 
Country groupings

North America:
US, Canada and Mexico.

South and Central America:
Caribbean (including Puerto Rico and US Virgin Islands), Central and South America.

Europe and Eurasia:
Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Georgia, Gibraltar, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Montenegro, Romania and Serbia.

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.

Middle East:
Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria.

Africa:
Territories on the north coast of Africa from Egypt to Western Sahara.
Territories on the west coast of Africa from Mauritania to Angola, including Cape Verde, Chad.
Territories on the east coast of Africa from Sudan to Republic of South Africa. Also Botswana, Madagascar, Malawi, Namibia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Asia Pacific:
Australia, Brunei, Cambodia, China, China Hong Kong SAR*, China Macau SAR*, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, New Zealand, North Korea, Philippines, Singapore, South Asia (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka), South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and Oceania.