Primary energy consumption

The below charts provide data for global primary energy consumption measured in million tonnes oil equivalents (MTOE) per year, type and region during the period 1996 to 2015.

Charts on this page:

Energy consumption – Year and region
Energy consumption – Year and type
Annual growth global primary energy consumption
Energy consuption 2015 – type and region

 Energy consumption – Year and region

Graph displaying global energy consumption per region and year from 1996 to 2015

Energy consumption – Year and type

Graph displaying global energy consumption per region and year type 1996 to 2015

Annual growth global primary energy consumption

Chart providing data for annual growth in global primary energy consumption

Energy consuption 2015 – type and region

Graph displaying global energy consumption per region and type 2015
Data sources:
BP Statistical Review of World Energy (
United nations/Wikipedia

T – Tonnes
MT – Million tonnes
MTOE – Million tonnes oil equivalent


The primary energy values (MTOE) used for nuclear electricity generation, hydroelectric generation and electricity from renewable sources, takes into account the efficiency of converting fossil fuels (Oil) into electricity.

The primary energy values (MTOE) have been derived by calculating the equivalent amount of fossil fuel required to generate the same volume of electricity in a thermal power station, assuming an average conversion efficiency of 38%.

This means that the electrical energy actually generated from nuclear, hydroelectric and renewable sources is only 38% of the chemical energy content of the corresponding oil equivalents (The actual energy content of 1 TOE is around 11,7 megawatt-hours)

One million tonnes of oil or oil equivalent produces about 4400 gigawatt-hours (=4.4 terawatt hours) of electricity in a modern power station.

Fuels used as inputs for conversion technologies (gas-to-liquids, coal-to-liquids, and coal to gas) are counted as production for the source fuel and the outputs are counted as consumption for the converted fuel.

Country groupings

North America:
US, Canada and Mexico.

South and Central America:
Caribbean (including Puerto Rico and US Virgin Islands), Central and South America.

Europe and Eurasia:
Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Georgia, Gibraltar, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Montenegro, Romania and Serbia.

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.

Middle East:
Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria.

Territories on the north coast of Africa from Egypt to Western Sahara.
Territories on the west coast of Africa from Mauritania to Angola, including Cape Verde, Chad.
Territories on the east coast of Africa from Sudan to Republic of South Africa. Also Botswana, Madagascar, Malawi, Namibia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Asia Pacific:
Australia, Brunei, Cambodia, China, China Hong Kong SAR*, China Macau SAR*, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, New Zealand, North Korea, Philippines, Singapore, South Asia (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka), South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and Oceania.